首页 看电影学英语 《Winter's Bone》 冬天的骨头 黑色命运下的精神净化

《Winter's Bone》 冬天的骨头 黑色命运下的精神净化

No.100《Winter'sBone》冬天的骨头黑色命运下的精神净化英文导读Winter'sBoneisa2010Americanindependentdramafilm,anadaptationofDanielWoodrell's2006novelofthes

No.100 《Winter's Bone》 冬天的骨头 黑色命运下的精神净化

英文导读

Winter's Bone is a 2010 American independent drama film, an adaptation of Daniel Woodrell's 2006 novel of the same name. Written and directed by Debra Granik and starring Jennifer Lawrence, the film explores the interrelated themes of close and distant family ties, the power and speed of gossip, patriarchy, self-sufficiency, and rural poverty in the Ozarks as they are changed by the pervasive underworld of illegal methamphetamine labs.

Ree Dolly (Jennifer Lawrence), age 17, looks after her mentally ill mother, her brother Sonny (age 12) and her sister Ashlee (age 6). Every day, Ree makes sure her siblings eat, while teaching them basic survival skills like hunting and cooking. The family is very poor. Ree's father, Jessup, has not been home for a long time and his whereabouts are unknown. He is out on bail following an arrest for manufacturing methamphetamine.

The sheriff tells Ree that if her father does not show up for his court date, they will lose the house because it was put up as part of his bond. Ree sets out to track down her father, who put their house up for his bail bond and then disappeared. If she fails, Ree and her family will be turned out into the Ozark woods. Challenging her outlaw kin's code of silence and risking her life, Ree hacks through the lies, evasion and threats offered up by her relatives and begins to piece together the truth.

Winter's Bone received widespread critical acclaim. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 94% of critics have given the film a positive review based on 157 reviews, for an average score of 8.3/10. The site's "consensus" reads, "Bleak, haunting, and yet still somehow hopeful, Winter's Bone is writer-director Debra Granik's best work yet—and it boasts an incredible, starmaking performance from Jennifer Lawrence."

Winter's Bone debuted in cinemas in mid-June 2010, with its opening weekend generating "a hearty"$84,797 on four screens; the movie's subsequent outing and expansion to 39 total venues yielded sales of $351,317 (for a per-theater average of $9,008). The film's distributors Roadside Attractions aimed, concurrently with New York, Los Angeles and Boston, at "heartland cities" such as Minneapolis, Overland Park, St. Louis, Springfield, Dallas and Denver, which eventually all attracted significant audiences, surpassing New York's. According to the distributor, "the filmmakers had always wanted to deliver the movie to the people who helped them make it." As of March 2011, the film had grossed over$6.5 million in domestic ticket sales and $7.3 million internationally.

The film won several awards including the Grand Jury Prize: Dramatic Film at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival. It also received four 2011 Academy Award nominations: Best Picture, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Actress and Best Supporting Actor.

《Winter

获奖情况

2011年第83届奥斯卡:最佳影片提名、最佳女主角提名、最佳男配角提名、最佳改编剧本提名。

影片信息

导演:黛布拉·格兰尼克

编剧:黛布拉·格兰尼克、安娜·罗塞里尼

主演:詹妮弗·劳伦斯、约翰·哈克斯、凯文·布雷斯纳汉、德尔·迪克

类型:剧情、悬疑、惊悚、家庭

制片国家(地区):美国

上映日期:2010-06-11(美国)

片长:100分钟

又名:《冰封之心》《冻死骨》《寒冬刺骨》《冬日风骨》

剧情简介

美国密苏里州西北部奥萨克地区17岁的少女芮(詹妮弗·劳伦斯 饰)独自照看生病的母亲、12岁的弟弟和6岁的妹妹。芮的父亲是一个毒贩,现在是警察追捕的目标。法庭已经通知他出庭,如果他不出现,作为抵押,他们家居住的老屋就要被法院收走。为了有一个完整的家,年幼的芮决定寻找父亲的下落,哪怕这意味着她必须接触她那些靠制毒贩毒为生的危险的远房亲戚。

芮最先求助于叔叔“泪滴”(约翰·哈克斯 饰),却被赶了出来;她又去找远亲茉莱(德尔·迪克 饰),还是被无情驱逐。这一路上,芮要一个人独自面对谎言、别人逃遁的借口以及她的亲戚为她“准备”的恐惧和闭门羹。她能找到自己的父亲么?她能得知人情冷暖、世态炎凉的世界真相么?

制作花絮

本片是根据丹尼尔·伍德瑞尔创作于2006年的同名小说改编而来。丹尼尔·伍德瑞尔的小说《Woe to Live On》曾经被李安改编成电影《与魔鬼同骑》。

影片和小说的故事发生地在密苏里州的欧扎克山脉,丹尼尔·伍德瑞尔本人就生活在这里。

本片是女导演德布拉·格兰尼克的第二部长片,并获得了圣丹斯电影节的大奖。她和影片的另一位编剧安妮·罗西里尼还获得了电影节的瓦尔度·绍特剧本奖。德布拉·格兰尼克的长篇处女作《深入骨头》也曾参加了圣丹斯电影节,并获得了最佳导演奖。

《Winter

重点学习

He is out on bail following an arrest for manufacturing methamphetamine

文中的be out on bail是英语中一个固定短语,是“在保释中,经保释在外候讯,保释(在外)”的意思,比如:He'll be out on bail just as soon as he's arraigned.(讯问一完我就保释他。)

Degins to piece together the truth

Piece together是英语中一个固定搭配,如果你piece together the truth about something, you gradually discover it. 也就是“渐渐弄清(真相)”的意思,也是该搭配在文中的意思。比如:They've pieced together his movements for the last few days before his death.(他们已经渐渐查明了他死前最后几天里的行踪。)

单词时间

independent[?indi?pend?nt] adj. 独立的;单独的;无党派的;不受约束的

interrelated[?int?ri?leitid] adj. 相关的;互相联系的

gossip[?ɡ?sip] n. 小道传闻;随笔;爱说长道短的人

underworld[nd?w?:ld] n. 黑社会;地狱;下层社会;尘世

manufacturing[?mænju?fæktri?] adj. 制造的;制造业的

outlaw[?autl?:] vt. 宣布…为不合法;将…放逐;剥夺…的法律保护

evasion[i?vein] n. 逃避;回避;借口

debut[?deibju:] vi. 初次登台

venue[?venju:] n. 审判地;犯罪地点;发生地点;集合地点

domestic[d?u?mestik] adj. 国内的;家庭的;驯养的;一心只管家务的

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