No.065 《The Cider House Rules》 苹果酒屋法则 在成长中发现自我
The Cider House Rules is a 1999 American drama film directed by Lasse Hallström.
John Irving scripted this screen adaptation of his 1985 novel. Set during World War II, The Cider House Rules concerns Homer Wells (Tobey Maguire), an orphan who spent most of his childhood at the St. Cloud Orphanage in rural Maine, where he grew up under the strong but affectionate care of Dr. Wilbur Larch (Michael Caine). Larch has passed along his medical education to Homer, and the young man helps the doctor care for abandoned children and the newborn babies of unwed mothers; however, Homer refuses to assist Larch with the illegal abortions that he performs on the side; Homer has moral objections to abortion, while Larch believes in the rights of the individual and sees it as his duty to keep women in need away from dangerous incompetents. Wally Worthington (Paul Rudd), an air-force pilot, brings his girlfriend Candy (Charlize Theron) to St. Cloud for an abortion, and Homer decides to go with them when they leave, hoping to see the world; however, the three end up going no further than the state line, where Wally's mother (Kate Nelligan) runs an apple orchard and cider mill, and Candy's family traps lobsters. When Wally ships off to battle, Homer grows closer to Candy, and the two fall in love. But their idyllic life at the cider mill is interrupted when Rose Rose (Erykah Badu), a field worker at the orchard, becomes pregnant and her father, cider-house foreman Mr. Rose (Delroy Lindo), turns out to be the father of her unborn child. This news coupled with the death of Dr. Larch, forces Homer to take a long look at both his moral principles and his future.
The film received a generally positive reception from critics. Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times awarded it just two stars, saying: "The story touches many themes, lingers with some of them, moves on and arrives at nowhere in particular." By contrast, Leonard Maltin awarded the film a rare four-star rating. On the review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes it holds a favorable 72 percent rating.
The film won two Academy Awards, John Irving won the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, and while Michael Caine won his second Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor (his first came in 1986 for the film Hannah and Her Sisters). And it was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, along with four other nominations at the 72nd Academy Awards.
Larch has passed along his medical education to Homer
Pass along是英语中的一个固定搭配，在文中，它是“（沿…）传递（或传送）下去”的意思，比如：Pass this notice along, please.（请把通知传下去。）Pass along最常见的意思是“沿…走”，比如：We passed along by the road as we went to the station. （我们沿着这条路走就能到达车站了。）另外，它还常用作公共汽车售票员用语，是“往前走，往里走”的意思，比如：Pass right along the bus,please.（请往汽车里面走。）
Moves on and arrives at nowhere in particular
文中的move on是英语中的一个固定搭配，当你move on somewhere, you leave the place where you have been staying or waiting and go there.也就是“继续前往”的意思，比如：Mr. Brooke moved on from LA to Phoenix.（布鲁克先生离开洛杉矶继续前往菲尼克斯市。）Move on还常用于表达“改换（工作、话题等）”的意思，比如：We've talked too much about modern literature, let's move on. （关于现代文学我们已经谈得很多了，让我们换个话题吧。）它还可以表达“（岁月）流逝”的意思，比如：As time moved on, he looked much older than before.（随着岁月的流逝，他显得苍老很多。）
orphanage[:f?nid?] n. 孤儿院；孤儿身份
affectionate[fekn?t] adj. 深情的；充满深情的
abortion[b?:n] n. 流产，小产；流产的胎儿
objection[?b?d?ekn] n. 异议，反对；缺陷，缺点；妨碍；拒绝的理由
incompetent[in?k?mpit?nt] adj. 无能力的；不合适的；不适当的；无力的
lobster[?l?bst?] n. 龙虾
cider[?said?] n. 苹果酒；苹果汁
foreman[?f?:m?n] n. 领班；陪审团主席
principle[?prins?pl] n. 原则；道义；本质；根源，源泉
reception[ri?sepn] n. 接待；接收；招待会；感受；反应
linger[?li?ɡ?] vi. 徘徊；苟延残喘；磨蹭