No.060 《Sideways》 杯酒人生 给自己的生活一些指引
Sideways is a 2004 comedy-drama film written by Jim Taylor and Alexander Payne and directed by Payne. Adapted from Rex Pickett's 2004 novel of the same name, Sideways follows men in their forties, portrayed by Paul Giamatti and Thomas Haden Church, who take a week-long road trip to Santa Barbara County Wine Country.
Directed by Alexander Payne, Sideways follows Miles (Paul Giamatti), who is distressed about his lack of success as a novelist, and Jack (Thomas Haden Church), an equally unsuccessful actor with a rapidly approaching wedding. In a last-ditch effort to sow their wild oats, Jack and Miles take off on a final road trip to California's wine country the week prior to Jack's wedding. Both men have goals for the vacation—Miles wants to turn Jack on to the art of wine tasting, while Jack is concerned with exploiting his last days as a bachelor—but when the two men come across two fascinating women (Virginia Madsen and Sandra Oh), the duo is forced to examine their morality, and if maturity isn't such a depressing prospect.
Time Out London said the film was "intelligent, funny and moving", and the Chicago Sun-Times' Roger Ebert, giving the film four stars, said, "what happens during the seven days adds up to the best human comedy of the year – comedy, because it is funny, and human, because it is surprisingly moving." The review aggregator Metacritic gives Sideways a Metascore of 94%, signifying "universal (critical) acclaim." The movie also holds a rare 96% rating at Rotten Tomatoes with 206 positive reviews out of 213.
Throughout the film, Miles speaks fondly of the red wine varietal Pinot noir, while denigrating Merlot. Following the film's U.S. release in October 2004, Merlot sales dropped 2% while Pinot noir sales increased 16% in the Western United States. A similar trend occurred in British wine outlets. Sales of Merlot dropped after the film's release possibly due to Miles' disparaging remarks about the varietal in the film.
Payne and Taylor won multiple awards for their screenplay. Giamatti and Church, as well as actresses Virginia Madsen and Sandra Oh, playing local women who become romantically involved with the men, all received accolades for their performances.
Sideways won the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, and was nominated for four other awards, including Best Picture, Best Director (Alexander Payne), Best Supporting Actor (Thomas Haden Church) and Best Supporting Actress (Virginia Madsen).
迈尔斯（保罗·吉亚玛提 饰）和杰克（托马斯·哈登·丘奇 饰）是老朋友了，看着杰克即将踏入婚姻殿堂，迈尔斯更加感叹起自己失败的生活：婚姻失败、作家梦遥不可及、干着无聊枯燥的职业、不再年轻的岁数。
In a last-ditch effort to sow their wild oats
我们都知道，oat作为名词使用时，是“燕麦；燕麦籽”的意思，文中的wild oats并不是“野生的燕麦”的意思，而是“放荡不羁；轻率”的意思，用英语解释它就是：the indiscretions of youth, esp dissoluteness before settling down. 比如：Her brother sowed his wild oats while he was in college, but now he is a better man. （她哥哥在大学时代放荡不羁，但他现在行为检点多了。）
Jack and Miles take off on a final road trip to California's wine country
文中的take off是英语中的一个常用固定搭配，它词义丰富，在文中是“出发；匆匆离开”的意思，比如：The professor took off for Shanghai this morning.（教授今天上午动身去上海了。）它最常见的意思是“脱下（衣帽、鞋子等），脱掉；拿掉；移去；拆下；领走；带走；带去（某物）；移送（某处）”等，比如：He took off his coat and sat down. （他脱下大衣坐了下来。）Take off用于口语中，可以表达“开始；开始流行；突然受到广泛欢迎，突然被广泛使用；（想法、计划等）开始获得成功”的意思，比如：After a slow start,the plan soon took off and was accepted by all.（计划开始时进展得很慢，但很快见成效了，而且被大家广泛接受。）
distressed[di?strest] adj. 痛苦的；忧虑的；贫困的；受损的
rapidly[?ræpidli] adv. 迅速地；很快地；立即
last-ditch[?lɑ:stdit?] adj. 坚持到最后的；最后防线的
sow[s?u] vt. 播种；散布；使密布
oat[?ut] n. 燕麦；麦片粥，燕麦粥
bachelor[?bætl?] n. 学士；单身汉；（尚未交配的）小雄兽
fascinating[?fæsineiti?] adj. 迷人的；吸引人的；使人神魂颠倒的
duo[?dju:?u] n. 二重奏；二重唱；二人组
maturity[mtju?riti] n. 成熟；到期；完备
fondly[?f?ndli] adv. 天真地；怜爱地；温柔地
varietal[vrai?t?l] n. 用一种葡萄酿制的葡萄酒
denigrate[?deniɡreit] vt. 诋毁；使变黑；玷污